July 11, Colombo: The London-based global human rights organization, Amnesty International (AI) today called on Sri Lanka to halt any plans to implement the death penalty for drug traffickers.
The human rights organization responding to the reports that Sri Lankan President, Maithripala Sirisena, is pressing ahead with plans to execute 19 death row prisoners convicted of drug-related offences, urged Sri Lanka to preserve its longstanding positive record on "shunning this cruel and irreversible punishment".
"By resuming executions after more than 40 years, Sri Lanka will do immense damage to its reputation. The government must immediately halt plans to carry out any executions, commute all death sentences, and establish an official moratorium on the implementation of the death penalty as a first step towards its full abolition," said Dinushika Dissanayake, Deputy Director for South Asia at Amnesty International.
"Sri Lanka has been a leader in the region, with an enviable record of shunning this cruel and irreversible punishment at a time when many other countries persisted with it. Now, when most of the world has turned its back on the death penalty, it risks heading in the wrong direction and joining a shrinking minority of states that persist with this horrific practice," Amnesty International said in a statement.
Amnesty International said it is absolutely opposed to the death penalty in all circumstances, regardless of the crime or the method of execution.
Amnesty pointed out that executing people for drug-related crimes is a violation of international law - which says the death penalty can only be imposed in countries that are yet to abolish it for the "most serious crimes", meaning intentional killing- and would brazenly defy Sri Lanka's international commitments, including its repeated votes in favor of a moratorium on the implementation of the death penalty at the UN General Assembly, including most recently in 2016.
Sri Lanka carried out its last execution in 1976.
"There is no evidence that the death penalty has a unique deterrent effect against crime. Executions are never the solution and, for drug-related offences, constitute a violation of international law. Sri Lanka should choose a more humane and just path," said Dinushika Dissanayake.