Nov 03, Colombo: Sri Lanka's gender gap increased over the last year and gender equality ranking declined from a 100 in 2016 to 109 this year out of 144 countries, a report released Thursday by the World Economic Forum showed.
The World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report 2017 showed that Sri Lanka has been slipping from its privileged position in the top 20 since 2010. Sri Lanka fell from closing 74.6 percent of the gender gap in 2010 to 66.9 percent this year.
The Global Gender Gap Report ranks 144 countries on their progress towards gender parity across four thematic dimensions: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment.
Sri Lanka scored high in educational attainment and health and survival but the low scores in Economic Participation and Opportunity and political empowerment brought down the overall score.
Sri Lanka, has fully closed its Health and Survival gender gap but has widened the gap in Economic participation and opportunity mainly in the wage equality for similar work despite a modest increase in parity in estimated earned income.
In the area of economic participation and opportunity Sri Lanka closed 58.5 percent of the gender gap with overall ranking at 123rd place.
Sri Lanka's gender gap in the educational attainment widened four notches this year ranking 86 among 144 countries. The country ranked 108th in the Enrolment in Primary Education indicator.
Very low scores on the Women in parliament and Women in ministerial positions indicators are offset by a high score on the Years with a female head of state indicator, with 21 years with a female head of state out of the last 50. In Political Empowerment Sri Lanka ranked 65th with a score of 0.188.
This year the World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report finds the parity gap across health, education, politics and the workplace widening across the globe for the first time since records began in 2006 halting the decade of slow but steady progress on improving parity between the sexes.
South Asia has an average remaining gender gap of 34 percent. Bangladesh (47) is the only country in the region to feature in the top 100, with India ranking 108 and Pakistan 143.
While Nordic countries retained the top three spots they held last year, led by Iceland. Norway, Finland, Rwanda ranked fourth this year in the index followed by Sweden. Nicaragua, Slovenia, Ireland, New Zealand and Philippines rounded up the next five in that order.