July 25, Colombo: Maternal deaths during the pregnancy period or due to post-partum complications have reduced dramatically in Sri Lanka's war-torn Northern Province since the end of the conflict.
This was revealed at the National Maternal Death reviews conducted recently in Jaffna and Vavuniya for the year 2013.
Dr. Kapila Jayaratne, National Programme Manager of Maternal and Child Morbidity and Mortality Surveillance unit of the Family Health Bureau, said only five maternal deaths were reported in the year 2013 in North.
Maternal mortality rate in the Jaffna District declined to 21 in 2013 from 84 in 2012. Only two deaths were reported from the District in the year 2013.
In 2012, Mullaitivu District ranked number one in the country in maternal mortality with a ratio of 110. But no maternal deaths occurred in the same district in 2013.
Dr. Jayaratne noted that in both 2012 and 2013, only one maternal death was reported each year from the district of Mannar.
No maternal deaths took place in the districts of Kilinochchi and Vavuniya in 2012 and one death each was reported in 2013.
He added that all the districts in the North have shown a remarkable reduction in maternal mortality rate. The northern districts noted high incidence of maternal mortality ratio till recently.
In the country as a whole, the MMR was 29 per 100,000 live births in 2013 with 110 deaths, according to World Health Organization statistics.
Efforts are on to reduce MMR to 24 per 100,000 live births by 2015, which is the millennium development goal target for Sri Lanka.
The maternal mortality rate (MMR) is defined as the annual number of female deaths per 100,000 live births from any cause related to or aggravated by pregnancy or its management excluding accidental or incidental causes.