Oct 19, Colombo: Sri Lanka's health authorities have been alerted to a possible resurgence of malaria which is thought to have been eradicated from the country few years ago.
Sri Lanka declared a malaria-free country in 2012 after going three years without reported case of locally born malaria cases. It qualified to request malaria-free certification from the World Health Organization.
However, the molecular medicine unit of Kelaniya University has recently published a report on discovery of malaria vector, the Anopheles culicifacies mosquito, long thought to breed in clean, clear water in rural areas, in war-affected suburban areas in the Eastern Province.
The research has been carried out in 2010 in several areas which were earlier closed for the studies due to war and the report has highlighted the need for further research.
Health Ministry statistics point out that only three cases of malaria have been reported in 2013 so far, all deemed infected outside the country.
Malaria parasite is transmitted through the Anopheles mosquitoes when they bite a healthy person after a previous blood meal taken on an infected person.